The Nike which is famous for setting up high goals for running announced to sponsor an event to break 2-hours marathon barrier. They chose three elite runners in which one of them was 2016 Rio Olympic gold medalist named Eliud Kipchoge. He shattered the world record of 2:02:57 which was set by Dennis Kimetto in Berlin Marathon in 2014. Along with Nike two other companies, Adidas and sub2hr also entered in this race.
It is not just a race but also a technical and scientific task. University of Colorado’s researcher Boulder claims to have Mathematical calculations that would help Kipchoge or other one to run as fast as possible.
Colorado University researcher published their research in Sports Medicine in which it covers more physiological factors that are essential for a runner to achieve two hours target. They are also determined to find a way to enhance efficiency along with reducing the total energy required to cover 26.2 miles by classifying the strategies into environmental and biochemical.
Following are some tools and strategies to shatter the 2-hour barrier:
According to this research wearing 130g (4.5 oz.) shoes can reduce 57 seconds of marathon race time. By observing Kimetto who was wearing 230g shoes (slightly over 8 oz.) and broke the record, it is deduced that by diminishing the weight by 100g can result in increasing performance giving one mint extra to attain the goal.
Stay behind the fast runners for the first 13 miles
To slow down wind resistance elite runner should run behind a group of runners for the first half of the race. It is similar when someone runs along the paved loop through pine forest, and others players serve the same purpose by blocking the wind to reduce the resistance, according to Roger Kram.
A study published in Journal of Physiology in 1971. They found that running one meter behind another reduces air resistance by 93 percent in a wind tunnel. According to Kram, running economy can be improved by 2.7% by reducing air resistance by 36%.
Work together with the lead runner by alternating with him
The second half of strategy mentioned above starts in which positions of runners is changed. The players should take a turn to lead the line, this line itself consists of four runners, proposed by lead study author Wouter Hoogkamer. This is same like Tour de France cyclists, which ride in the form of group. This technique can reduce resistance and reduce energy consumption hence lowering metabolic cost by 5.9% and cutting three minutes from the current world record.
Along with these techniques, weather factor plays very important role. Wind blowing at a speed of 13mph in the direction of running can also reduce 3 minutes of time.
For the person who would break 2-hour marathon, there is prize money of several hundred dollars. But the problem is that the target achievement is impossible without teamwork so researchers proposed that there should be an agreement between players to distribute the prize money equally among top players.
This study is conspicuous for both runners and for the scientists in a sense that it could allow the scientists and runners to actually indulge in the actual physiological benefits of the exercise done through running and biomechanical system of running.
These all ideas are presented by the research author, and it is up to scientists and athletes to formulate these ideas in the running plan.